Δευτέρα, 9 Φεβρουαρίου 2015

Putin visits Egypt in bid to expand influence, arms deals

Russian President Vladimir Putin was slated visit Egypt on Monday as Moscow looks to 

expand its reach in the Arab world’s most populous country at a time when Cairo-Washington 

ties remain frayed.

Russian President Vladimir Putin, right, shakes hands with Egypt's Military chief Field Marshal Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi in the Novo-Ogaryovo residence outside Moscow on Thursday, Feb. 13, 2014. (Photo credit: AP Photo/RIA Novosti, Mikhail Metzel, Presidential Press Service)
Russian President Vladimir Putin, right, shakes hands with Egypt's Military chief 
Field Marshal Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi in the Novo-Ogaryovo residence outside Moscow 
on Thursday, Feb. 13, 2014. (Photo credit: AP Photo/RIA Novosti, Mikhail Metzel, Presidential Press Service)







His two-day trip will be Putin’s first in a decade to Egypt and comes after a 2011 popular 

uprising that ousted ex-strongman Hosni Mubarak, who the Russian leader met in his previous 

visit in 2005.


Putin is a key non-Arab backer of President Abdel Fattah el-Sissi, who faces harsh criticism from Washington for his deadly crackdown on dissent since Islamist leader Mohamed Morsi was ousted by the then army chief in July 2013.
Hundreds of Morsi’s supporters have been killed and thousands imprisoned in a crackdown since his ouster.
Experts say Putin’s visit is also aimed at showing that he is not isolated internationally despite the crisis in Ukraine.
Officials say Putin’s trip is intended to strengthen ties between the two countries.
“The leaders will pay special attention to ramping up trade and economic ties between the two countries,” the Kremlin said ahead of the visit.
Putin and Sissi are also expected to discuss Iraq, Syria and Libya and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
Commercial agreements are also on the agenda, including a likely deal between Russian news agency Rossiya Segodnya and Egypt’s state-owned Al-Ahram newspaper, which on Sunday ran a full-page article headlined “Putin — hero of this era”.
Russia had hosted Sissi’s predecessor Morsi during his one-year presidency despite banning the Islamist’s Muslim Brotherhood as a “terrorist group” in 2003.
But Russia was also one of the first countries to endorse Sissi’s presidential bid last year.

Russian weapons

Sissi himself visited Russia soon after ousting Morsi as a defense minister amid deteriorating relations with Washington, and followed it up with another trip in August 2014 as president.
At their meeting last summer at Putin’s summer residence in Sochi, the two discussed Russia supplying weapons to Egypt, which is fighting an insurgency on the Sinai Peninsula that has killed scores of policemen and soldiers.
Moscow has aimed to grab a larger slice of the Egyptian arms market after Washington suspended some weapons deliveries in the immediate aftermath of Sissi’s crackdown on Morsi supporters.
Cairo also hosted the Russian defense and foreign ministers in November — the first such visit since the Soviet era — for discussions on an Egyptian arms purchase plan.
At the time, Russian media said the two sides were close to signing a $3 billion deal for Moscow to supply missiles and warplanes including MiG-29 fighters and attack helicopters.
However in recent months Washington has warmed to Cairo again and resumed its annual $1.5 billion in aid to Egypt, also delivering Apache helicopter gunships to fight jihadists in Sinai.
Ties between Egypt and the United States still remain far from what they were before Morsi’s ouster, with Washington criticizing Sissi’s regime for repressing Islamist as well as secular dissent.
“Putin continues to take advantage of ambiguity and contradictions in Western policies toward the Middle East,” said Anna Borshchevskaya of The Washington Institute for Near East Policy.
As long as Washington criticizes “Egypt’s democratic backslide… it keeps open the door for Putin… to gain influence in Egypt at the expense of US interests,” said the expert on Moscow’s policy towards the Middle East.
BY AFP
Read more: Putin visits Egypt in bid to expand influence, arms deals | The Times of Israel http://www.timesofisrael.com/putin-visits-egypt-in-bid-to-expand-influence-arms-deals/#ixzz3RF0sx63c 

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